Like any other academic research project, a case study is an integral part of a student’s course. The term case study mainly refers to a description of a real situation which is studied by a method of analysis that is backed up by extensive research. The analysis of a case study means examining of an issue or a problem which involves a decision or a solution that is to be drawn in order to solve the problem. Most case studies are often based on real life situations that have actually happened and may have its certain portions disguised for privacy purposes. Now case studies can be of four types which include: illustrative, exploratory, cumulative and critical.
The analysis of a case study can be considered as a learning process in which students under the guidance of their instructors studies the problem related to a case and tries to come up with an ultimate solution or decision based on his research, observation and interpretation. The whole purpose of analyzing a case is to come up with a solution after studying the problem thoroughly. In this article, we are going to focus on how to write a proper case study analysis.
How to Write A Case Study Analysis?
In order to solve a case study first you need to identify and understand the central issue involved in the case. To do so, you need to ask yourself a few questions related to the case that you have just studied. The questions may include the following:
1. What is the key problem involved?
2. Is there more than one problem or issue involved?
3. If there are more than one issue involved, classify them as primary and secondary issues.
4. Explain the problem or problems as vividly you can.
5. Who is/are the victims or affected by the problem?
Writing an analysis of a case study should include the following sections:
1. Defining The Problems: This is the section where you need to describe the statement of the issue or problem as clearly as you can. It should be precise and to the point.
2. Analysing Case Data: While analysing the case data, you need to answer the following questions:
• How or why did the problems arise?
• Who is the victim or the one that is most affected by the problem?
• What are the opportunities and the constraints of the situation?
3. Generating Alternatives: This is the section where you come up with different alternative solutions to the problem. There can be many solutions that you can come up with so, the best thing to do is as creative as you can. When dealing with this section, keep the following points in mind:
• You may come up with a dozen of alternatives but, the solutions should be realistic enough and fit well with the constraints of the problem.
• Do not provide any two or more other undesirable alternatives in order to make the reasonable alternative appear look more appropriate in comparison.
• The alternatives provided by you, may be implemented at any point if the case. Now if, there emerges a serious problem regarding the implementation of the solution then, you will be the one charged for suggesting it.
4. Key Decision Making: This is one of the most important part of a case study where you have to decide that which alternative is the best appropriate alternative for the case. In order to do so you have to understand the case or the concept of it thoroughly. Your decision regarding choosing the best alternative cannot just be a random guess. It has to be based on certain determining factors.
Structure Of A Case Study Analysis
Different type of case study may require a different type of format however the overall structure remains the same. Here you go with the basic structure of a case study analysis:
1. Title Page
2. Table Of Contents
4. Problem/Issue Statement
5. Data Analysis
6. Key Decision
7. Alternative Analysis
9. Action and Implementation Plan
Now that you are more or less familiar with how to write a case study analysis hopefully, you will not face any difficulties while writing one.